M. K. Čiurlionio g. 19 Vilnius +370 644 77447
M. K. Čiurlionio g. 19 Vilnius +370 644 77447
Amicus Dentis | Tooth cleaning recommendations for children

Tooth cleaning recommendations for children

Tooth cleaning recommendations:

  • Parents should clean their children’s teeth from the first erupted tooth to 7-8 years old.
  • A soft toothbrush and toothpaste is sufficient for regular oral care.
  • Doctor prescribes a toothpaste with an individual amount of fluoride depending on the risk of decay.
  •  Brush teeth using toothpaste at least 2 minutes twice a day: once in the evening before sleep and once during the day.Brushing motion should be precise and purposeful. Usually rotational and brushing motion is recommended, brushing upper and lower teeth separately.
  • Children can use dental floss on their own from 12 years of age. Up to that age the parents should floss their children’s teeth.
  • Up to 6 years old, mouthwashes are not recommended. For children older than 6 years old with a high risk of tooth decay, mouthwashes are prescribed only as part of professional fluoride therapy.

How to prevent tooth decay?

Tooth decay (caries) is a disease of tooth hard tissues, caused by several factors working together: carbohydrates (various sugars), and bacteria in dental plaque. Therefore the best way to prevent this disease is to regularly remove plaque from tooth surfaces and cut down on carbohydrate consumption. However, all these measures are insufficient and an additional factor is needed – fluoride, which remineralizes (restores mineral balance in the enamel) and disrupts bacterial activity.

According to the recommendations of the Lithuanian Dental Chamber, toothpastes with fluoride are prescribed for caries prevention. The amount of fluoride in the toothpaste is determined individually according to patient’s age and risk of tooth decay. Other measures may be prescribed additionally (mouthwash, tooth cream, fluoride varnish).

The benefit of fluoride is proven by scientific studies. In the last decades, prevalence of tooth decay in the world has decreased, and that is associated with the use of fluoride.

Just like any medicine, fluoride must be used responsibly, therefore its concentration must be determined by the dentist, and patients must be instructed on proper use. Fluoride use according to dentist’s recommendations is safe.

Toothpaste according to patient’s age

(according to recommendations of the Lithuanian Dental Chamber)

Children ages 0-3

For children with a low risk of tooth decay, parents should clean teeth with toothpaste with 500 ppm of fluoride. For children with a high risk of tooth decay, children with disabilities or other health problems, parents should clean teeth with toothpaste with 1000 ppm of fluoride. Toothpaste should only be smeared on the ends of the bristles. After brushing, toothpaste should be spat out and not rinsed with water. In the evening, after brushing, there should be no eating or drinking, except water.

Children ages 3-6

For children with a low risk of tooth decay, parents should clean teeth with toothpaste with 1000 ppm of fluoride. For children with a high risk of tooth decay, children with disabilities or other health problems, parents should clean teeth with toothpaste with 1450 ppm of fluoride. The amount of toothpaste on the brush should be the size of a pea. After brushing, toothpaste should be spat out and rinsed with a small amount of water. In the evening, after brushing, there should be no eating or drinking, except water.

Children ages 6 and older, and adults

Children and adults with a low risk of tooth decay should clean their teeth with toothpaste with 1000 ppm of fluoride. Children and adults with a high risk of tooth decay, people with disabilities or other health problems should clean their teeth with toothpaste with 1450 ppm of fluoride. The amount of toothpaste on the brush should is 1-2 cm of paste. After brushing, toothpaste should be spat out and rinsed with a small amount of water. In the evening, after brushing, there should be no eating or drinking, except water.

(According to recommendations of the Lithuanian Dental Chamber)

 

Friend of your teeth, Amicus Dentis