Mineralized plaque is removed from the surfaces of your teeth using an ultrasonic instrument or a special hand instrument kit. Sandblasting (air flow) is used to remove pigments which cause discolouration. Aged plaque is cleaned using rotating rubber tips or brushed and a special lightly abrasive toothpaste with fluoride.
An ultrasonic instrument uses high-power air waves emitted from the instrument. The vibration chips the calculus from the tooth surface without damaging the tooth. The procedure is not painful, though teeth can be sensitive. On patient’s request, local anaesthesia can be administered. Fluoride applications help relieve post-treatment sensitivity.
Sandblasting is a controlled stream of air, water and soda, blown through a mixing handpiece. The stream effectively removes pigments. The procedure is completely non-painful.
Once your teeth are clean, your dentist may decide to carry out further cleaning of the pockets of the gums. The purpose of this procedure is to make sure that the deep-dwelling bacteria and inflamed tissues are removed. Local anaesthesia is usually performed before starting treatment.
If done right, the only complication may be tenderness of the teeth and slight bleeding during the procedure.
The frequency of professional oral hygiene depends of the quality of patient’s oral hygiene, the rate of the accumulation of calculus and the conditions for plaque accumulation. With these factors in mind, professional oral hygiene is recommended 1-4 times per year.
Periodontal disease may develop; this generally happens over time.
Periodontal disease is the swelling, pain and infection of the tissues surrounding the tooth.
There are two general forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of gums. Gums usually turn bright red and swollen. One of the signs of gingivitis is bleeding gums when brushing teeth.
Over time, gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. There are various forms of periodontitis, but in every case the structures supporting the tooth are damaged. If periodontitis is left untreated, the bone surrounding the tooth starts shrinking and the tooth becomes mobile. When much of the bone is lost, the teeth may eventually fall out.
Probably. A lot of people suffer from periodontal diseases; it is the most common cause for tooth loss. Usually the disease develops very gradually.
The main cause of periodontal disease is plaque and calculus. Plaque is a layer of bacteria, constantly forming on tooth surfaces. In order to prevent damage, removing plaque daily is essential. Usually brushing using toothpaste and flossing is sufficient. If not removed, eventually soft plaque mineralizes and turns into calculus. Calculus is as harmful to periodontium as plaque. They are removed by a dental hygienist or a dentist during professional oral hygiene.
Unfortunately, gum disease progresses painlessly so that patients do not notice the changes. The bacteria are sometimes more active and this makes your gums sore and tender. This can lead to gum abscesses, and pus may seep from around the teeth. Over a number of years, the bone supporting the teeth can be lost completely. The later the disease is treated, the harder it is to get good treatment results.
The first sign is bleeding gums when brushing teeth. Your gums may also bleed when you are eating, leaving a bad taste in your mouth. Gum diseases are also often accompanied by bad breath.
The first thing to do is visit your dentist. The dentist will measure the gingival pockets around your teeth. Usually X-rays are taken to determine, whether the bone surrounding the teeth has been involved. This assessment is very important prescribing the treatment.
Your dentist or an dental hygienist will perform professional oral hygiene. During every visit you should be taught how to take care of your teeth and gums. Several visits may be needed.
As long as you take care of your teeth, any further loss of bone will be very slow and it may stop altogether. You must make sure to brush teeth thoroughly, and go for regular check ups by the dentist and hygienist.
Friend of your teeth, Amicus Dentis